Langlands Moss LNR
Langlands Moss is a lowland raised peat bog situated on the southern fringe of the "new town" of East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire. In 1994/5 the importance of Langlands Moss was recognised by East Kilbride District Council, East Kilbride Development Corporation and Scottish Natural Heritage and it was decided to restore 20 hectares of the bog, improve public access and safeguard the site`s long term future against industrial development.. As part of the restoration, dams were installed to block drains and raise the water level. A commercial conifer plantation was felled (using a helicopter to remove the trees) and a boardwalk was built across the bog to allow public access. It was designated as a Local Nature Reserve and formally established in 1996. Unfortunately no maintenance budget was allocated towards the LNR resulting in it not receiving as much attention as it needed. This meant that general monitoring of the site, the hydrological and biodiversity aspects, as well as undertaking practical work and supervising work parties wasn`t undertaken as often as desired plus vandalism and fires caused by local anti social groups added to the Council Staff`s difficulties.
The Friends of Langlands Moss (FOLM) recognising the need for greater support to protect the site was formally constituted in September 2006 under the convenorship of Richard Naismith to work with South Lanarkshire Council Countryside, Access and Greenspace (SLC CAG) to improve the general condition of the bog. Their aim is to improve and conserve Langlands Moss Local Nature Reserve for the benefit of all.
As part of the original restoration, a commercial conifer plantation on the peat was felled (using a helicopter to remove the trees), and dams were installed to block drains and raise the water level. In addition, a boardwalk was built across the bog to allow public access. Since the designation of Local Nature Reserve status, many of the original drainage dams had become damaged through fire, vandalism and weather. This meant that the bog was slowly drying out. The first task FOLM set themselves was to begin a new damming programme on the Moss. Finance was obtained from The Big Lottery Fund and Scottish National Heritage to purchase the necessary damming material. Initially volunteers installed 28 dams in the main ditch which runs across Langlands Moss. This work resulted in a marked improvement in water levels and Sphagnum mosses, and other bog plants re-colonising the new pools of standing water.
The Friends of Langlands Moss continue to carry out the essential work needed to protect and conserve this lowland raised bog. Currently applying to various funding streams, their next task is to replace the existing boardwalk, which is deteriorating rapidly due to weather conditions. Once installed, a new boardwalk will greatly improve access for visitors to enjoy the Moss and enable the bog conservation programme to continue. The long-term plan for Langlands Moss includes monitoring and managing the development of the lagg vegetation, regenerate a mosaic of wetland and wet woodland habitats within the felled woodland area, reinstate the access network throughout the reserve and to continue with the ongoing activities to raise public awareness about the importance of peatlands.
Project Name: Langlands Moss LNR
Organisation / Lead partner: Friends of Langlands Moss
Location: East Kilbride, Glasgow
Approximate area covered: 20 ha
Conservation Status: Local Nature Reserve
Peat Habitats: Lowland raised bog
Project Type: Restoration, Management
Year Project Began: 1994