Lake Vyrnwy (Breathing LIFE into Welsh blanket bogs)

Introduction

Practical restoration work at two Special Areas of Conservation in mid-Wales has aimed to bring the blanket bog in these two locations into favourable condition. Work has included a combination of ditch blocking, plantation forestry removal and the extraction of invasive, non-native plant species.

Description

It is estimated that 70,000 ha of deep blanket peat soils occur in Wales, although probably more than 10% of this no longer supports blanket bog vegetation. The LIFE Active Blanket Bog in Wales project aimed to achieve significant and sustained improvement in the condition of blanket bogs across key areas of two Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) in mid-Wales:

  1. The Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains SAC (27,221 ha)
  2. The Migneint-Arenig-Dduallt SAC (19,968 ha). 

The primary problems affecting the condition of blanket bog in the project areas included drainage ditches, forestry plantations, inappropriate grazing levels and encroachment by non-native species. In addition to practical restoration work, the project wanted to increase the knowledge and understanding of blanket bog habitats in order to improve their future management.

Restoration Delivered

This project has been successful at many levels, changing attitudes locally and bringing blanket bogs and their importance to the notice of decision makers and policy makers. The combination of practical work on a landscape scale, supported by rigorous monitoring and cutting edge science has enabled this high profile project to help inform policy across the whole of Wales and has contributed to the understanding of this ecosystem on a UK and international platform.

Site Activity

The moorlands of Wales are a significant part of Welsh cultural heritage. Working with the local farming community was of particular importance to this project as this was the first time practical upland restoration work had been carried out in the area. Farmers were invited to visit the project in conjunction with an extensive programme of community events, such as guided walks and talks, attendance at local shows and a large school education programme. Initially there was considerable unease about the management programme, however towards the end of the project a significant shift in perception was observed.

The LIFE project has been successful in restoring significant areas of important habitat, developing skills, refining techniques and gaining the interest and support of the local community. The project far exceeded its targets for restoration work, rewetting a total of 7,200 ha of upland habitat. In total 485 km of grips were blocked, 249 ha of forestry plantation was removed and non-native plant species were removed across an area of 6,300 ha. Furthermore, the associated scientific knowledge gained during this project has also helped add to the understanding of moorland management and its effect on climate. Farms in the catchment also produce organic wool, and organic Welsh black beef and Welsh mountain lamb. As well as being used as a conservation tool for habitat management purposes, sheep and cattle form the basis of a commercial farming operations, which contribute to the local economy.

Partners

  • Countryside Council for Wales
  • Forestry Commission.
{"zoom":15,"lat":52.7634811,"lon":-3.4667921,"markers":{"0":{"lat":52.76065288,"lon":-3.45874552}}}

Project Name: Lake Vyrnwy (Breathing LIFE into Welsh blanket bogs)

Organisation / Lead partner: RSPB

Location: Lake Vyrnwy, Wales

Approximate area covered: 5479 ha

Conservation Status: Special Area of Conservation (SAC), Special Protection Area (SPA), Nature Reserve (NR)

Predominately: Upland

Peat Habitats: Blanket bog

Project Type: Restoration, Management, Citizen science/ community engagement.

Year Project Began: 2007

Project End Date: 2011

Green Recovery Challenge Fund
Applications open for second round of Green Recovery Challenge FundThis £40million fund will once again support projects across England to restore nature, tackle…
Peatland Code logo
IHS Markit to Launch Global Carbon Credit Meta-RegistryThe first global meta-registry aims to provide transparency and efficient tracking, accounting and…
Nature Recovery Plan
Nature’s recovery can create 7,000 new jobs in ScotlandNew research from leading Scottish environment charities shows that backing their plan for nature’s…
The Extraordinary Story of Peat and Carbon
New short animation explores the extraordinary story of peat and carbonExploring the extraordinary quantities of carbon locked up on millennial timescales within peatland…
February newsletter: winter edition
IUCN UK Peatland Programme Newsletter: Winter Edition 2021Read the latest IUCN UK Peatland Programme newsletter.
The West Cavan Bog Association Site
Eyes on the Bog: The West Cavan Bog Association SitesTwo new Eyes on the Bog sites have been established by the West Cavan Bog Association, in Fartrin…
IUCN UK PP Conference
Reflections from the 10th IUCN UK Peatland Programme ConferenceThe 10th annual IUCN UK Peatland Programme conference was delivered online for the first time, with…
UK GHG inventory
Peatland addition to the UK GHG inventory adds 3.5% to national emissionsThe end of January saw the long awaited, formal inclusion of peatlands in the UK GHG emissions…
Peatland Code update
Peatland Code updateInterest in the Peatland Code continues to grow and the team are experiencing increased demand for…
Shetland Peatland Restoration
Getting out to the bog in ShetlandAn innovative solution to accessing a Peatland Restoration site in Shetland.
Heather burn (C) North Peninnes AONB
Defra announce plans to prevent burning of vegetation on protected blanket bog habitats.Today’s announcement from Defra that the government plans to bring forward legislation to prevent…
Deforested bog 2 years post treatment
ScottishPower Renewables winter 2021 peatland restoration activityScottishPower Renewables (SPR) have completed 1267ha of deforested bog restoration using their “…